In vitro fertilization (IVF) is a fertilization process in which an egg is fused with sperm outside human body, and in vitro (“in glass“) instead. The process involves monitoring and stimulating female’s ovulatory process, removing the egg from the female’s ovaries and allowing sperm to penetrate into the egg. Then, the final product will be transferred back to the female’s uterine cavity. The embryos are then implanted into the walls of the uterus. Infertility Patients whose conditions are not serious.
Couples Who Should Proceed with In Vitro Fertilization (IVF)
– Ages more than 35 years.
– Female whose fallopian tubes are obstructed or destroyed.
– Sperm disorders are severe, such as low sperm count and motility.
– A couple who have been unable to conceive after three years and where there is no known cause for the infertility.
– A couple that has undergone intrauterine insemination (IUI) and were unable to conceive.
In Vitro Fertilization Procedure
– After blood test and scan have been done on Day 2-3 of your menstruation period, the doctor will prescribe the medicines for injection via abdomen to stimulate your eggs, which takes around 10-12 days. You can bring the medicine back home, and only one appointment with the doctor.
– If the ova grow sufficiently strong and big, the female will have to be injected with medication to induce ovulation for ovum retrieval.
– The couple visits to pick up ovum on the assigned date. The male must strictly preserve ejaculation for three to five days before sperm collection or in advance by sperm freezing method.
– Ova and sperms will be fertilized in the laboratory.
– The female has to visit for embryo transfer three to five days after the ovum retrieval takes place.
– In case, the doctor advises to freeze embryos. After resting for 2-3 months, your womb will be ready for the transfer. The doctor will prescribe the medicine to prepare your womb for the frozen embryo transfer.
– After fourteen days of embryo transfer, the female has to visit for the pregnancy hormone test.