Turner syndrome is a disease caused by abnormalities of sex chromosomes. It occurs only in females.
Causes of Turner Syndrome
It is caused by one of the X chromosomes, which is the chromosome that identifies females, is missing. Normally, females have XX sex chromosomes (XY in males). But for girls with Turner syndrome, there will be only one X chromosome left or some may have an abnormal X chromosome.
For the rate of this disease, it can occur in 1 in 2,000 female babies.
Obvious general features are including:
- Webbed neck
- Particularly short
- Swollen hands and feet
- Broad chest, flat breast
Abnormalities within the body include:
- Ovarian atrophy, low female hormones
- No menstruation
- High blood pressure
- Thyroid disorders
How is Turner Syndrome treated?
This disease cannot be completely cured. This is because it is a condition caused by chromosomal abnormalities. Only symptomatic treatment can be done, such as hormone therapy, etc. Also, the treatment should be under the supervision of a specialized doctor.
Turner Syndrome Prevention
As Turner syndrome is a syndrome caused by chromosomal abnormalities. Therefore, it cannot be prevented. But for those who are pregnant or planning to have children, it is possible to consult with a doctor to check for abnormalities in the pregnancy and consider any possible risks. It is recommended that you consult with a doctor to get the best advice.
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