Progesterone is another important hormone besides the well-known Estrogen. The mother-to-be should learn how vital this hormone is to the women.
Introduction to Progesterone
Progesterone is a female sex hormone produced by ovary and placenta (during pregnancy) controlled by pituitary and hypothalamus.
Progesterone is involved in menstruation and pregnancy as it is related to the hypothalamus that taking part in controlling essential functions of the body, such as heart rate, body temperature, starvation, sleep, feelings, sexual desire, including various hormones productivity and regulate hormones secretion. Therefore, stress and anxiety can affect hormones, ovulation, and menstruation.
Functions of Progesterone
Progesterone works with Estrogen making the female body functioning normally and ready to be pregnant. This hormone will naturally decrease when reaching the elderly.
- Progesterone stimulates blood vessels to supply endometrium making the lining of the uterus thicker to prepare for a fertilized egg to embed. Without fertilization, Progesterone decreases, and the endometrium breaks away, and menstrual bleeding occurs, marking the start of a new menstrual cycle.
- During pregnancy, Progesterone will inhibit uterine contraction. Progesterone will decrease when approaching the labor stage, causing uterine contraction to help in giving birth.
- During pregnancy, Progesterone helps to adjust the body functions to suit the growing baby inside the womb, such as stimulate pregnant women to breathe faster to intake more oxygen into the body. It helps the joints and ligaments expand to support body and physiological changes when the baby grows inside the womb.
The above content is just a basic introduction as the mechanism of hormones in the body has many details, and it is in collaboration with many parts. Therefore, taking care of your physical and mental health, having a healthy sleep, eating a five-food group, having no stress will support balancing hormones, and increase the opportunity to be pregnant.
If your body shows a sign of irregularity, hormone imbalance, such as irregular menstruation, amenorrhea, sleeplessness, fatigue, mood disorder, infertility, and other signs, do not hesitate to consult the gynecologist who specialized in infertility for proper treatment. The hope of having a baby will finally come true.
Reference: Prime Fertility Center Co., Ltd.
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